The USB DyIO, is an open source robot controller you talk to using Java or Jython.
The DyIO provides your Java, Jython and other apps high speed access to a wide, and reconfigurable, variety sensors and actuators commonly used to build robots. The DyIO also has on board real-time capabilities for dynamic control like built-in PID controllers and an advanced Servo Controller capable of smooth, coordinated servo control across all 24 channels.More Info Source Buy (99$)
BowlerStudio is a robot development application that combines scripting and device management with powerful control and processing features.
BowlerStudio brings the full power of The OpenCV image processing library, a Configurable kinematics engine based on D-H parameters, A Fully Featured JCSG based Cad and 3d Modeling engine, and a Built in WebKit browser capable of viewing documentation and executing code directly from Github Gists.
Scripts can be loaded from the Local File System and edited using a editor of your choice or loaded from Github gists for a truly "backed up in the cloud" coding experience.More Info Download Source
Run Installer and double click on Bowler Studio shortcut on your desktop.
Open with in "Ubuntu Software Center" and click "Install". Ubuntu will install all dependancies like java for you.
When complete you should be able to select bowler studio in your programs menu (under "other")
You may also run it from the command line
Extract ZIP file and double click on